1) Python

Most people that intend to focus on server-side programming often go with Python due to the several libraries that make it useful in writing scripts and plug-ins. The simplicity of a programming code that is written in Python makes it easy to read, which is why it is often recommended for beginners who may not understand the complex syntax seen in other languages. You soon begin to write simple codes that run without errors after a few lessons. Python is open-source, meaning it is free to use despite being an object-oriented language. The asynchronous coding design is another important benefit of using Python, which makes it possible to run a unit of code separately from the main thread. This type of parallel programming does not affect the performance of your code in any way. The likes of Instagram, Google, and Netflix are using Python to develop cross-platform solutions. More implementations would be seen in the year 2020, which is an advantage for experienced python developers, as well as those that want to learn the programming language.


2) JavaScript

JavaScript is a popular language among web developers which gave rise to several frameworks that simplify your code. It improves the possibility of data validation on the client-side to ensure that there are no vulnerabilities that can be exploited in your web application.

The fact that JavaScript is not compiled and runs within the browser, makes it fast. Improperly written programs can be exploited by cybercriminals who inject malicious code into the application that would run on a victim’s browser. To ensure that computers remain protected, users turn off JavaScript on their browsers to forestall the devastating effects of a data breach.


3) Java 

Java was on rising but fall in 2019, the reason could Kotlin gaining popularity on the Android platform. Java is a good choice for a programming language but now it is under Oracle and Google is promoting Kotlin so it is in the conflicted zone. Still, the large number of the company is using Java and going to continue with Java due to its developers base, framework, and legacy application.

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4) Kotlin 

Kotlin is being offered as an alternative of Java for Android development and again it is supported and promoted by Google so it is also picking up by developers and gaining popularity in recent years. So, with the growth of Android, support of Google and with clean and short syntax it is going to be a choice of Android application developers and is a good choice to learn for Android App developersKotlin going to be shine as a prominent programming environment for Android development.


5) React

React is by far the most popular JavaScript library for front end development and a good reason too. It’s fun and easy to build React apps. The React team and community have done a splendid job as far as the experience goes for building applications. Remember, the goal of a library is to get stuff done, so focus less on the flavor, and more on the getting stuff done. It’s utterly unproductive to argue about what framework is the “best.” Pick a framework and channel all your energy into building stuff instead.


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